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KRONOS X

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System, Keyboard

System
KRONOS System Version 2.0
Keyboard
88-key: RH3 (Real Weighted Hammer Action 3)
73-key: RH3 (Real Weighted Hammer Action 3)
61-key: Natural Touch Semi Weighted

Tone Generator

Synthesis Types:
9 types
SGX-1 Premium Piano (Acoustic Piano)
EP-1 MDS Electric Piano (Electric Piano)
HD-1 High Definition Synthesizer(PCM)
AL-1 Analog Synthesizer (Analog Modeling)
CX-3 Tonewheel Organ (Tonewheel Organ Modeling)
STR-1 Plucked Strings (Physical Modeling)
MOD-7 Waveshaping VPM Synthesizer (VPM Synthesis)
MS-20EX (CMT Analog Modeling)
PolysixEX (CMT Analog Modeling)
Maximum Polyphony*1*2:
SGX-1:100 voices*3
EP-1:104 voices
HD-1:140 voices
AL-1:80 voices
CX-3:200 voices
STR-1:40 voices
MOD-7:52 voices
MS-20EX:40 voices
PolysixEX:180 voices
Preset PCM:
314 MB (ROM 1,505 multisamples, 1,388 drum samples)
Build-in Expansion PCM Libraries:
EXs1 - ROM Expansion
EXs2 - Concert Grand Piano
EXs3 - Brass & Woodwinds
EXs4 - Vintage Keyboards
EXs5 - ROM Expansion 2
EXs6 - SGX-1 German D Piano
EXs7 - SGX-1 Japanese C Piano
EXs8 - Rock Ambience Drums
EXs9 - Jazz Ambience Drums
Capacity of PCM RAM:
Approx. 2 GB *4
Wave Sequences:
598 user memory, 165 preload
*1 A portion of the multicore processor in KRONOS is devoted to generating voices, and a separate   portion is devoted to generating effects. KRONOS dynamically allocates the voice processing power   between the engines as necessary. The quoted maximum numbers of voices apply when 100% of the voice  processing power is devoted to a single engine.
*2 In rare cases, when a large number of processor-intensive effects are active simultaneously (for instance, more than 14 O-Verbs), polyphony may be slightly reduced.
*3 100 dual-stereo notes (It corresponds to 400 voices in the maximum.)
*4 The memory available for RAM samples will change based on the use of Expansion PCM libraries. About 1,129 MB is available when shipped from the factory (when loading the file named “PRELOAD.KSC”).

SGX-1 Program

Premium Piano
PCM:
EXs6:SGX-1 German D Piano
EXs7:SGX-1 Japanese C Piano
Exs12 - SGX-1 Austrian Piano (Option Sound Libraries, DEMO Version is pre-installed)
Piano Type:
32
Oscillator Control:
Damper Resonance
Damper Noise
Mechanical Noise
Note Release

EP-1 Program

MDS Electric Piano:
Tineand reed-type electric pianos powered by Multi-Dimensional Synthesis (MDS), and vintage effects
Electric Piano Model Types:
6 types
Tine EP I, Tine EP II, Tine EP V, Tine EP DMP, Reed EP 200, Reed EP200A
Oscillator Control:
Harmonic Sound Level, Attack Noise, Level, Release Noise Level, Attack Brightness, Hammer (Width)
Panel Control:
Tine Type: Preamp Volume,Tone (Treble, Bass), Vibrate (On/Off, Intensity, Speed), Amp/Cabinet(On/Off, Drive)*5
Reed Type: Preamp Volume, Tone (Treble, Bass), Vibrate (Intensity, Speed), Amp/Cabinet (On/Off, Drive)*5
Effect Types:
9 types
Small Phase, Orange Phase, Clack Phase, Vintage Chorus, Black Chorus, EP Chorus, Vintage Flanger, Red Comp, VOX Wah
*5 Each electric piano type has own amp/cabinet character

HD-1 Program

Advanced Vector Synthesis:
Control oscillator volumes and synthesis & effects parameters via the Vector Joystick and the tempo-synchronized Vector Envelope.
Structure:
Single: only OSC1
Double: OSC1 and OSC2.
Double mode lets you layer two completely separate synth voices, each with their own velocity-switched oscillator, dual filter, EGs, LFOs, etc. Two completely separate drumkits.
Oscillators:
8 velocity zones per oscillator, with switching, crossfades and layering.
Each zone can play mono or stereo Multisamples or Wave Sequences.
Filters:
Two multi-mode filters per voices (low-pass, high-pass, band-pass and band-reject),Four-mode filter routings (single, serial, parallel and 24dB mode)
Driver:
Per voice non-linear driver and low boost circuit
EQ:
Three bands, with sweepable mid
Modulation:
Three envelope generators, two LFOs per voice, common LFO, four key tracking generators, AMS (Alternate Modulation Source), two AMS mixers

EXi Program Common

Advanced Vector Synthesis:
Control oscillator volumes and synthesis & effects parameters via the Vector Joystick and the tempo-synchronized Vector Envelope.
Modulation:
Common Step Sequencer, AMS (Alternate Modulation Source), Common LFO, 2 Key Tracking Generators
EQ:
Three bands, with sweep-able mid

AL-1 Program

Oscillators:
Ultra-low-aliasing oscillators OSC1, OSC2, Sub-oscillator and noise generator; ring modulation, FM and Sync
Audio Input:
Run real-time audio through the synthesis engine
Filters:
Two multi-mode filter (low-pass, high-pass, band-pass and band-reject) with four types of filter routings (single, serial, parallel and 24dB mode), MultiFilter mode (only Filter-A; modulatable mix of Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass, and dry input, for creating a wide variety of unique filter types and effects)
Driver:
Per-voice non-linear driver and low boost circuit
Modulation:
Five Envelope generators, four per-voice LFOs, two AMS Mixers; Per-voice Step Sequencer.

CX-3 Program

Tonewheel Organ Modeling:
Phase-synchronous tonewheels (clean and vintage modes), percussion, key click, wheel brake
EX Mode:
Four additional, user-specified drawbars, and expanded percussion.
Internal Effects:
Rotary speaker, vibrato/chorus, amp modeling with overdrive, 3-band EQ
Drawbar Control:
Controlled via nine front-panel sliders (via Tone Adjust)
Split:
Upper, Lower (even in EX mode)
Modulation:
Two AMS mixers

STR-1 Program

Physically Modeled String:
Includes physically modeled damping, decay, dispersion, nonlinearity, harmonics, dual pickups, and more
String Excitation:
Three independent excitation sources can be used simultaneously: Pluck, Noise, and PCM. 16 preset “pluck” types, with modulatable width and randomization. Noise generator with saturation and dedicated lowpass filter
Audio Input and Feedback:
Run real-time audio through the string, including feedback through effects. Modeled feedback includes modulate-able instrument-to-amp distance and orientation.
Excitation Filter:
Dedicated 2-pole multimode filter for shaping the string excitation; Filter can be enabled/disabled separately for each excitation source. Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass, and Band Reject modes
Filters:
Dual multi-mode filters per voice; Single, Serial, Parallel (with split stereo output), and 24dB (4-pole) configurations. Low Pass, High Pass, and Band Reject modes)
Modulation:
5 Envelopes, 4 per-voice LFOs, 2 Key Track generators, String Tracking generators, 4 AMS Mixers.

MOD-7 Program

Waveshaping VPM Synthesizer:
Combines Variable Phase Modulation (VPM), waveshaping ring modulation, PCM sample playback, and subtractive synthesis; Able to convert-load SYX files.
Oscillators:
6 VPM/Waveshaper/Ring Modulation Oscillators: Phase and modulatable pitch per oscillator; 101 Waveshaper tables plus modulatable Drive and Offset; Use as oscillators, or as Waveshapers or Ring Modulators for other signals.
PCM Oscillator: Korg’s ultra-low-aliasing technology, as introduced in the HD-1. 4 velocity zones per oscillator; Uses any mono ROM, EXs, or RAM multisamples; PCM can be used as an FM modulator and/or layered with the VPM Oscillators. Noise generator with saturation and dedicated low pass filter.
Audio input:
Run real-time audio through the VPM Oscillators and filters.
Filters:
Dual multi-mode filters per voice. Parallel and 24 dB (4-Pole) configurations; Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass, and Band Reject modes
Multi Filter mode (Filter A only): Modulatable mix of Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass, and dry input, for creating a wide variety of unique filter types and effects
Patch Panel:
Supports both algorithm (78 types) selection and free patching; Three 2-in, 1-out mixers for scaling and merging audio, fully modulatable, with phase inversion.
Main 6-input stereo mixer, with modulatable pan and volume, plus phase inversion
Modulation:
10 Envelopes, 4 per-voice LFOs, 9 Key Tracking generators, Per-voice Step Sequencer, 4 standard AMS Mixers plus 4 simple AMS Mixers.

MS-20EX Program

Oscillators:
Ultra-low-aliasing oscillators; VCO1, VCO2, Ring Mod, Pink and White Noise Generator
Audio Input:
Run real-time audio through the synthesis engine and ESP (External Signal Processor)
Filters:
12dB/octave High Pass and Low Pass self-resonant filters
ESP section: 24dB/octave Low Cut and High Cut filters, available per voice.
Patch Panel:
Patchable audio and modulation, at audio rates
Patch Points:
【KEYBOARD】KEYBOARD CV OUT、KEYBORD TRIGGER OUT、VCO1+VCO2 CV IN、VCO2 CV IN【VCO】VCO1+VCO2 EXTERNAL FREQUENCY CONTROL IN、VCO1 OUT、VCO2 OUT【VCF】EXTERNAL SIGNAL IN、EXTERNAL HP FILTER CUTOFF FREQUENCY CONTROL IN、EXTERNAL LP FILTER CUTOFF FREQUENCY CONTROL IN、HPF OUT、LPF IN、LPF OUT【VCO+VCF】TOTAL EXTERNAL MODULATION INEXTERNAL INITIAL GAIN CONTROL IN、VCA INEG1 ENVELOPE SIGNAL NORMAL OUT、EG1 ENVELOPE SIGNAL REVERSE OUT、EG1+EG2 TRIGGER IN、EG1 TRIGGER IN、EG2 ENVELOPE SIGNAL REVERSE OUT【MG】TRIANGLE OUT、RECTANGLE OUT【NOISE GENERATOR】PINK NOISE OUT、WHITE NOISE OUT【SAMPLE AND HOLD】CLOCK TRIGGER IN、SAMPLE SIGNAL IN 、S/H OUT【MODULATION VCA】CONTROL VOLTAGE IN 、SIGNAL IN 、SIGNAL OUT【MANUAL CONTROLLER】CONTROL WHEEL OUT、MOMENTARY SWITCH【ESP】SIGNAL IN、AMP OUT、BPF IN、BPF OUT、F-V CV OUT、ENVELOPE OUT、TRIGGER OUT【OTHERS】EXi AUDIO IN、MIXER 1 IN、MIXER 1 OUT、MIXER 2 IN、MIXER 2 OUT
ESP(External Signal Processor):
Use incoming audio as a trigger and/or CV source.
Modulation:
Original DAR and HADSR EGs 1 & 2, original MG (with MIDI sync), Sample-and- Hold, MVCA; 4 additional multi-stage Envelopes, 4 additional per-voice LFOs, and 4 AMS Mixers

PolysixEX Program

Oscillators:
VCO:Saw, Pulse, PWM
Sub Oscillator:Off, 1 octave below, 2 octaves below
Filter:
24dB/octave Low Pass self-resonant filter
Effects:
Integrated Polysix Chorus, Phase, and Ensemble
Arpeggiator:
Integrated MIDI-synced arpeggiator, with adjustable Range, Mode, and Latch
Modulation:
Original ADSR EG and MG (with MIDI sync), 2 additional multi-stage Envelopes, 2 additional per-voice LFOs, and 4 AMS Mixers

Combination

Number of Timbres, Master Keyboard Functionality:
16 Maximum
Keyboard and velocity splits, layers, and crossfades of up to 16 Programs and/or external MIDI devices
Advanced Vector Synthesis:
Control oscillator volumes and synthesis & effects parameters via the Vector Joystick and the tempo-synchronized Vector Envelope.

Drumkit

System:
Assignable stereo/mono samples with 8 velocity zones per oscillator (with crossfade functions)

Program/Combination/Drum Kit

2,560 user memory program(1,536(768 HD-1+768 EXi)pre-loard), 1,792 user memory program(480 pre-loard), 264 user memory program(78 pre-loard)

Sampling

System:
Open Sampling System (resampling, In-Track sampling)
Bit Depth/Sampling Frequency:
RAM: 16-bit/48 kHz stereo/mono sampling
DISK: 16 or 24-bit/48 kHz stereo/mono sampling
Sampling Time:
RAM: Depends on the amount of available PCM RAM
DISK: Maximum 80 minutes stereo (879MB: 16bit)
Sample Locations:
16,000 samples/4,000 multisamples (128 indexes per multisample)
Ripping:
Direct sampling (ripping) from audio CD (CD-DA)
Formats:
Korg format, AKAI S1000/S3000 data (with advanced Program parameter conversion); SoundFont 2.0, AIFF, and WAVE formats
Editing:
Time Stretch, Time Slice, Crossfade Loop, and other standard editing features.

Effects

Insert Effects:
12, Stereo in / stereo out
Master Effects:
2, Stereo in / stereo out
Total Effects:
2, Stereo in / stereo out
Timbre EQ:
High, low, and mid band
Effect Types:
185
Modulation:
Dynamic Modulation and Common LFO
Effects Control Busses:
Two stereo side chains
Effect Presets:
783, Maximum 32 per 1 effect (Preset User)

KARMA

KARMA Modules:
One module in Program mode, four modules in Combination and Sequencer modes
Generated Effects (GE):
2,048 presets, 1,536 Users (96 come Preload)
Controllers:
On/Off, Latch, Chord, Assign, Module, Control, KARMA Realtime Control Sliders [1] – [8], KARMA Scene [1] – [8], KARMA Switches [1] – [8], KARMA Wave-Sequencing, GE Sub Category, Freeze Randomize, Time Signature Control, Tempo Synchronize, Auto RTC (Real Time Control) setup

Sequencer/HDR

Tracks:
16-track MIDI sequencer + 16-track hard disk recorder + master track
Number of Songs:
200 songs
Resolution:
1/480
Tempo:
40.00 – 300.00 (1/100 BPM resolution)
Maximum memory:
400,000 MIDI events or 300,000 audio events
MIDI Tracks:
16 tracks plus the master track
697 preset/100 user patterns (per song)
18 preset/16 user template songs
Format:
Korg (KRONOS, OASYS) format, SMF formats 0 and 1.
Audio Tracks:
16-track playback, 4-track simultaneous recording, WAV file format 16bit/24bit.
Maximum single-file recording time (mono):
80 minutes
Automation:
Volume, Pan, EQ, and Send1/2; 5,000 regions (max.), Event Anchors, BPM Adjust
RPPR (Realtime Pattern Play and Record):
1 Pattern set per song

General

Disk Mode:
Load, save, utility, audio CD burning, audio CD playback, data filer function (save/load MIDI System Exclusive data), CD-R/RW (UDF format read/write), ISO9660 Level 1. *6
*6 Need to use with External USB CD Drive, etc.
Controllers:
Vector joystick, joystick, ribbon controller, switches 1 & 2
Control Surface:
Control Assign Switches: Assigns the Control Surface to Timber/Track, Audio, External, Real-time Knobs/KARMA, or Tone Adjust.
Mixer Knobs Switch: Assigns the Mixer Knobs to either Channel Strip or Individual Pan, Reset Control Switch, Solo Switch, Knobs 1-8, Switches 1-8 (Upper Row), Switches 1-8 (Lower Row), Sliders 1-8, Master Slider
KARMA Control: On/Off, Latch, Chord Assign, module Control
Display:
TouchView graphical user interface, 8 inch TFT, SVGA (800x600 dots), adjustable brightness
Outputs:
L/MONO, R: 1/4”
Balanced; 350 Ω Stereo; 175 Ω Mono (L/MONO Only),
Nominal Level: +4.0 dBu
Maximum Level: +16.0 dBu (when load impedance is 600 Ω or greater)
Individual 1-4: 1/4”
Balanced; 350 Ω
Stereo; 175 Ω Mono
Nominal Level: +4.0 dBu
Maximum Level: +16.0 dBu (when load impedance is 600 Ω or greater)
Headphones: 1/4” stereo phone jack
Output impedance: 33 Ω
Maximum Level: 60+60 mW (when load impedance is 33 Ω)
S/P DIF: Optical, 24-bit, IEC60958, EIAJCP-1201, 48 kHz, (the same signals as L/MONO, R)
USB-B: 24-bit, 48 kHz, 2 channels (the same signals as L/MONO, R)
Inputs:
1/4” Balanced; Input Impedance: 10 kΩ
Nominal Level: +4.0 dBu
Maximum Level: +16 dBu
Source Impedance: 600 Ω
S/N: 95 dB (Typical)
Dynamic Range: 95 dB (Typical)
Crosstalk: 95 dB (at 1 kHz, Typical)
Control Inputs:
Damper pedal (half damper supported), assignable switch, assignable pedal
MIDI:
In, Out, Thru
USB:
USB A (TYPE A) x 2 (for connection to external USB devices)
USB B (TYPE B) x 1 (MIDI/audio interface, MIDI:1(16ch) input /1(16ch) output, Audio:2channel input / 2channel output), 2 USB high-speed ports (supports 480Mbps)
Disk Drives:
62 GB SSD (2.5”)
Power Consumption:
60W
Dimensions:
(W x D x H)
88-key: 57.28” x 16.18” x 5.71” / 1,455 x 411 x 145 mm
73-key: 48.94” x 16.18” x 5.71”/ 1,243 x 411 x 145 mm
61-key: 41.42” x 14.25” x 5.28”/ 1,052 x 362 x 134 mm
Weight:
88-key: 50.71 lbs. / 23.0 kg
73-key: 44.75 lbs. / 20.3 kg
61-key: 27.56 lbs. / 12.5 kg
Accessories:
AC cord, Quick Start Guide, Accessory DVD Disc 1, 2 (DVDs include KRONOS Operation Guide, Parameter Guide, and Voice Name List PDF files; Video Manual; KORG USB-MIDI Driver; System Restore Data, etc.)

Principal Specifications

Frequency Response:
20Hz-22kHz, +/-1.0dB, 10k Ohms load
THD+N:
20Hz-22kHz, 0.01%, 10k Ohms load (typical)
S/N:
95dB (typical)
Dynamic Range:
95dB (typical)
Crosstalk:
95dB, at 1kHz (typical)

Option

Hard Case:
HC-KRONOS 88: Hard Case with caster for KRONOS 88
HC-KRONOS 73: Hard Case with caster for KRONOS 73
HC-KRONOS 61: Hard Case with caster for KRONOS 61
Expression/Volume Pedal:
XVP-10
Foot Controller:
EXP-2
Damper Pedal:
DS-1H
Pedal Switch:
PS-1, PS-3
*Developed under license of physical modeling patents (listed in http://www.sondiusxg.com) owned by Stanford University, USA, and by Yamaha Corporation.
* All product, company, and standard names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
* Appearance and specifications of products are subject to change without notice.